posted Jul 7, 2015, 3:49 PM by Hernan Cortes
updated Jul 7, 2015, 4:24 PM
Baja Sur listed listed within the states showing a slight decrease in peace. While least peaceful states in Mexico showed the biggest improvement in peace, the most peaceful states showed a slight decrease in peace. Mexico has become more peaceful over the last three years due to a dramatic decrease in the number of homicides. The 2015 Mexico Peace Index shows a cautious yet optimistic view of peace in Mexico, with a 16% increase in levels of peace over the last three years. The trend towards peace is widespread with 26 of the 32 Mexican states becoming more peaceful over the last two years. The homicide rate fell by 30% in the last two years, largely driven by a decrease in organized crime. The least peaceful states in Mexico showed the biggest improvement in peace, while the most peaceful states showed a slight decrease in peace. The three factors that are most influential on peace in Mexico are: functioning of government, levels of corruption and good relations with neighbors. Although peace is improving in Mexico, it still remains the least peaceful country in Central America.
According to the National Statistics and Geography Institute (INEGI), 34.8% of the Mexican families revealed that at least one of the members were victims of a crime in 2013, that meaning, 10.7 million homes. Then, the perception of insecurity has caused a change on the daily acting of people.
Furthermore, the Peace Index of Mexico 2015, elaborated by experts from the Institute of Economics and Peace, specified that the level of peace in Mexico got better less than 1%, after three years of overcoming 15% and 23 states are even more violent than 12 years ago.
To further analyze the texture of peace in Mexico IEP has measured 76 of Mexico’s major cities to create the Mexico Metropolitan Peace Index. The Mexico Metropolitan Peace Index (MMPI) consists of two indicators: homicide rate and violent crime rate. This is a subset of the state level peace index, with homicide and violent crime being the only two indicators with the most applicable data at the metropolitan level.
The MMPI has used data from the three years from 2011 to 2013 and then averaged the data to create the index. Much of the media covering the increase in violence in Mexico over the past decade has focused on Mexican cities in the Border States, with a particular focus on the homicide.
Rate in these cities and how they compare to other violent metropolises from other countries.
Many publications, including some INEGI reports, have reviewed which cities in the world are the most violent, with Mexican cities being prominent amongst the rankings. However, these rankings of the most violent cities usually only focus on the homicide rate, which does not give a holistic picture of the level of violence in Mexican cities.
By combining violent crime and homicide it is possible to develop a more holistic picture of violence at the city level and identify which cities are
successful at maintaining peace.
Credit: Institute for Economics and Peace - Mexico Peace Index